Local administration of recombinant human interleukin-1 beta in the rat hippocampus increases serotonergic neurotransmission, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis activity, and body temperature

A C Linthorst, C Flachskamm, F Holsboer, J M Reul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

138 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we equipped rats with a microdialysis probe in the hippocampus, which enabled stress-free intrahippocampal administration of recombinant human IL-1 beta (hIL-1 beta). Perfusion of the probes was conducted with a Ringer's solution containing 0.1 or 1.0 microM hIL-1 beta or without hIL-1 beta, usually for 6 h. Time-dependent changes in serotonergic neurotransmission and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical activity were simultaneously monitored by measuring serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)], 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, and corticosterone concentrations in the dialysates. In control rats, there was a clear relationship between extracellular 5-HT concentrations in the hippocampus and behavioral activity. Extracellular 5-HT levels were up to twice as high in behaviorally active rats compared to those in resting or sleeping animals. Intrahippocampal administration of hIL-1 beta markedly increased extracellular 5-HT concentrations in the hippocampus and induced a significant decrease in behavioral activity, thereby uncoupling the parallelism between changes in 5-HT and changes in behavioral activity observed in control rats. Perfusion with 0.1 microM hIL-1 beta, but not with 1 microM hIL-1 beta, produced a decrease in 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid levels, followed by a return to preinfusion levels. Moreover, intrahippocampal administration of hIL-1 beta increased hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis activity, as evidenced by marked increases in both plasma ACTH and plasma and dialysate corticosterone levels. In addition, a rise in body temperature by approximately 2 C was observed at time points at which the effects of hIL-1 beta on 5-HT and corticosterone levels were (near-)maximal. hIL-1 beta-treated rats displayed typical characteristics of sickness behavior, such as immobility, piloerection, and a curled-up body posture. Most importantly, no effects were found either with heat-inactivated hIL-1 beta or when hIL-1 beta was administered via a probe implanted in the neocortex. Based on these results, we postulate that the hippocampal IL-1 system may play an important role in the coordination of neuroendocrine, autonomic, and behavioral responses after an immune challenge.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)520-32
Number of pages13
JournalEndocrinology
Volume135
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1994

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Dialysis
  • Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary Gland
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Hippocampus
  • Humans
  • Serotonin
  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
  • Rats
  • Cerebral Cortex
  • Corticosterone
  • Body Temperature
  • Interleukin-1
  • Kinetics
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Adrenal Cortex
  • Male

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