Local infrastructure governance in Peru: a systems thinking appraisal

Alain Jorge Espinoza Vigil, Neil J Carhart*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Ensuring the through-life quality of infrastructure systems is a fundamental instrument in providing economic development and enhancing quality of life. The complexity of infrastructure networks themselves, the operations of the public entities which manage them and the governance systems which oversee them make this a challenging activity. This research uses the city of Arequipa in Peru as a case study to bridge the knowledge gap on the behaviour of such municipalities regarding the management of infrastructure systems. It employs qualitative Systems Dynamics Modelling through a methodology based on the V-Model, with its emphasis on validation and verification, and framed in the systems thinking approach. First, 67 variables characterising the management of infrastructure systems in Arequipa are identified from literature and semi-structured interviews with key actors. Second, a model of the system is constructed using Causal Loop Diagrams. Within this model, 33 feedback loops are identified, formed from the causal influences between variables. Third, a diagnosis is carried out that unequivocally illuminates the municipalities’ failure patterns. Fourth, by identifying leverage points, a paradigm shifting intervention is proposed along with tools that municipalities can implement to improve their performance. Finally, these proposals are validated with key actors through a focus group.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInfrastructure Asset Management
Early online date26 Mar 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Mar 2024

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