The exponential speedup of quantum walks on certain graphs, relative to classical particles diffusing on the same graph, is a striking observation. It has suggested the possibility of new fast quantum algorithms. We point out here that quantum mechanics can also lead, through the phenomenon of localization, to exponential suppression of motion on these graphs (even in the absence of decoherence). In fact, for physical embodiments of graphs, this will be the generic behavior. It also has implications for proposals for using spin networks, including spin chains, as quantum communication channels.
|Translated title of the contribution||Localization and its consequences for quantum walk algorithms and quantum communication|
|Pages (from-to)||012315-1 - 012315-5|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Physical Review A: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2007|