Long-term depression of synaptic transmission in the adult mouse insular cortex in vitro

Ming-Gang Liu, Kohei Koga, Yan-Yan Guo, Sukjae Joshua Kang, Graham L Collingridge, Bong-Kiun Kaang, Ming-Gao Zhao, Min Zhuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


The insular cortex (IC) is known to play important roles in higher brain functions such as memory and pain. Activity-dependent long-term depression (LTD) is a major form of synaptic plasticity related to memory and chronic pain. Previous studies of LTD have mainly focused on the hippocampus, and no study in the IC has been reported. In this study, using a 64-channel recording system, we show for the first time that repetitive low-frequency stimulation (LFS) can elicit frequency-dependent LTD of glutamate receptor-mediated excitatory synaptic transmission in both superficial and deep layers of the IC of adult mice. The induction of LTD in the IC required activation of the N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor, metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR)5, and L-type voltage-gated calcium channel. Protein phosphatase 1/2A and endocannabinoid signaling are also critical for the induction of LTD. In contrast, inhibiting protein kinase C, protein kinase A, protein kinase Mζ or calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II did not affect LFS-evoked LTD in the IC. Bath application of the group I mGluR agonist (RS)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine produced another form of LTD in the IC, which was NMDA receptor-independent and could not be occluded by LFS-induced LTD. Our studies have characterised the basic mechanisms of LTD in the IC at the network level, and suggest that two different forms of LTD may co-exist in the same population of IC synapses.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3128-45
Number of pages18
JournalEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013

Bibliographical note

© 2013 Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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