PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term efficacy and safety of extended treatment with adalimumab in patients with noninfectious intermediate, posterior, or panuveitis.
DESIGN: Open-label, multicenter, phase 3 extension study (VISUAL III).
PARTICIPANTS: Adults who had completed a randomized, placebo-controlled phase 3 parent trial (VISUAL I or II) without treatment failure (inactive uveitis) or discontinued after meeting treatment failure criteria (active uveitis).
METHODS: Patients received subcutaneous adalimumab 40 mg every other week. Data were collected for ≤362 weeks. Adverse events (AEs) were recorded until 70 days after the last dose of study drug.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Main outcome measures were long-term safety and quiescence; other efficacy variables included inflammatory lesions, anterior chamber cell and vitreous haze grade, macular edema, visual acuity, and dose of uveitis-related corticosteroids.
RESULTS: Of 424 patients enrolled, 67% (283/424) had active uveitis and 33% (141/424) had inactive uveitis at study entry; 60 patients subsequently met exclusion criteria, and 364 patients were included in the intent-to-treat analysis. Efficacy variables were analyzed through week 150 when approximately 50% of patients (214/424) remained in the study. The percentage of patients in quiescence increased from 34% (122/364) at week 0 to 85% (153/180) at week 150. Corticosteroid-free quiescence was achieved by 54% (66/123) and 89% (51/57) of patients with active or inactive uveitis at study entry, respectively, by week 150. Mean daily dose of corticosteroids was reduced from 9.4±17.1 mg/day at week 0 (n=359) to 1.5±3.9 mg/day at week 150 (n=181). The percentage of patients who achieved other efficacy variables increased over time for those with active uveitis at study entry and was maintained for those with inactive uveitis. The most frequently reported treatment-emergent AEs of special interest for adalimumab were infections (n=275; 78.7 events/100 patient-years); AEs and serious AEs occurred at a rate of 396 events/100 patient-years and 15 events/100 patient-years, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Long-term treatment with adalimumab led to quiescence and reduced corticosteroid use for patients who entered VISUAL III with active uveitis and maintenance of quiescence for those with inactive uveitis. AEs were comparable to those reported in the parent trials and consistent with the known safety profile of adalimumab.