Loss-reduction in flexibly vertical coupled ring lasers is demonstrated through asymmetric double shallow ridge in the main ring area and inductively coupled plasma (ICP)/ICP cascade etching. Compared with the previous counterpart, the reduced threshold current and enhanced output power are obtained; coupling ratio is tuned from 27% to 1.5% when threshold current is varied from 60 to 80 mA. Single-mode lasing with sidemode-suppression ratio of 27 dB and quality factor of 13120 is achieved when I c=15 mA, I d=58 mA, which are nearly twofolds of that in the previous one. Such strategies can be widely employed to reduce loss in other vertical coupled photonic circuits.
|Translated title of the contribution
|Loss-reduction in flexibly vertical coupled ring lasers through asymmetric double shallow ridge and ICP/ICP cascade etching
|1821 - 1823
|Number of pages
|IEEE Photonics Technology Letters
|Published - Nov 2008