Low altitude unmanned aerial vehicle for characterising remediation effectiveness following the FDNPP accident

Peter G Martin, Oliver D Payton, John S Fardoulis, David A Richards, Thomas Bligh Scott, Yosuke Yamashiki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

39 Citations (Scopus)
699 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

On the 12th of March 2011, The Great Tōhoku Earthquake occurred 70 km off the eastern coast of Japan, generating a large 14 m high tsunami. The ensuing catalogue of events over the succeeding 12 d resulted in the release of considerable quantities of radioactive material into the environment. Important to the large-scale remediation of the affected areas is the accurate and high spatial resolution characterisation of contamination, including the verification of decontaminated areas. To enable this, a low altitude unmanned aerial vehicle equipped with a lightweight gamma-spectrometer and height normalisation system was used to produce sub-meter resolution maps of contamination. This system provided a valuable method to examine both contaminated and remediated areas rapidly, whilst greatly reducing the dose received by the operator, typically in localities formerly inaccessible to ground-based survey methods. The characterisation of three sites within Fukushima Prefecture is presented; one remediated (and a site of much previous attention), one un-remediated and a third having been subjected to an alternative method to reduce emitted radiation dose.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-63
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Environmental Radioactivity
Volume153
Issue number1
Early online date26 Sep 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

Bibliographical note

Date of Acceptance: 06/09/2015

Keywords

  • Fukushima
  • UAV
  • Gamma-spectrometry
  • Decontamination
  • Remediation

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