Low cost infrastructure free form of indoor positioning

Shashank Kumar Gupta, Simon Box, Eddie Wilson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper is concerned with smartphone based inertial sensors for locating pedestrians. Two set of experiments were conducted over seven subjects. One set of the subjects walked along a straight path at a perceived normal and speedy pace, and the other set of subjects traversed a simple map consisting of two L shaped paths. In the experiments, a smartphone - HTC 2710e was handheld, with screen facing upwards was used to record the acceleration, magnetometer and gyroscope samples at 20Hz. The accelerometer samples are then analyzed to detect and count the footsteps, while gyroscope and magnetometer samples are used to estimate the heading. The results of our experiment show that the average error in foot step detection rate is less than 3% in normal walking and 5% in speedy walking using Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) based approach. While the most nearly correct estimated displacement is via Weiner approach with average percentage error of 5.74% in normal walking and 8.07% in speedy walking. The average percentage error in heading is less than 110 in turnings in both the L shaped paths.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2014 International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN 2014)
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of a meeting held 27-30 October 2014, Busan, South Korea
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Pages11-18
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781467380546
ISBN (Print)9781467380553
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Pedestrian dead reckoning (PDR)
  • indoor positioning system
  • smartphone
  • foot step detection
  • stride length
  • heading

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  • Cite this

    Kumar Gupta, S., Box, S., & Wilson, E. (2015). Low cost infrastructure free form of indoor positioning. In 2014 International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN 2014): Proceedings of a meeting held 27-30 October 2014, Busan, South Korea (pp. 11-18). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). https://doi.org/10.1109/IPIN.2014.7275462