Luminosity distributions within rich clusters .1. A ubiquitous dwarf-rich luminosity function?

RM Smith*, SP Driver, S Phillipps

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Abstract

From deep CCD observations of the cluster Abell 2554 we recover the luminosity distribution of the cluster over a wide range of magnitude (- 24 <M-R <- 16). We compare the derived A 2554 cluster luminosity function (at redshift 0.1) with that of the local Coma Cluster (A1656) and the more distant (z = 0.2) cluster A963. The distribution is remarkably similar for these three clusters of comparable richness and morphology. All show a flat (alpha = - 1.0) luminosity function for the giant galaxies (- 24 <M-R <- 19.5) which exhibits a sharp upturn (alpha approximate to - 1.7) at some intermediate magnitude (M-R similar or equal to - 19) and continues to rise to the limits of existing data. We suggest that such a luminosity function may be ubiquitous among rich clusters, and that a similar form may apply for poorer clusters and possibly the field as well. The three cluster dwarf luminosity functions are seen over a range of lookback times covering a quarter of the age of the Universe. Therefore the similarity between the three measured luminosity functions seems to rule out strong evolution of the dwarf populations in rich cluster environments, at least out to z = 0.2, unless richness effects conspire to conceal evolutionary changes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-424
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume287
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 1997

Keywords

  • galaxies, clusters, individual, A2554
  • galaxies, evolution
  • galaxies, luminosity function, mass function
  • galaxies, photometry
  • SURFACE-BRIGHTNESS GALAXIES
  • CFA REDSHIFT SURVEY
  • COMA CLUSTER
  • EVOLUTION
  • FIELD
  • PHOTOMETRY
  • POPULATION
  • CATALOG
  • SEARCH

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