Lung ultrasound for the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia in children

Jacob A M Stadler, Savvas Andronikou, Heather J Zar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article (Academic Journal)peer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)
378 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Ultrasound (US) has been proposed as an alternative first-line imaging modality to diagnose community-acquired pneumonia in children. Lung US has the potential benefits over chest radiography of being radiation free, subject to fewer regulatory requirements, relatively lower cost and with immediate bedside availability of results. However, the uptake of lung US into clinical practice has been slow and it is not yet included in clinical guidelines for community-acquired pneumonia in children. The aim of this review is to give an overview of the equipment and techniques used to perform lung US in children with suspected pneumonia and the interpretation of relevant sonographic findings. We also summarise the current evidence of diagnostic accuracy and reliability of lung US compared to alternative imaging modalities in children and critically consider the strengths and limitations of lung US for use in children presenting with suspected community-acquired pneumonia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1412-1419
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Radiology
Volume47
Issue number11
Early online date21 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Children
  • Community-acquired pneumonia
  • Lung
  • Pneumonia
  • Ultrasound

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