Managing antler problems in deer

John Fletcher, Aiden Foster, Pete Goddard, Alex McSloy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article (Academic Journal)peer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
2150 Downloads (Pure)


Antlers are one of the most amazing features of the mammal kingdom. They are, in mammals, the fastest growing tissue and the only example of the regeneration of an entire organ. Veterinarians encounter deer as a result of road traffic accidents, as young animals being bottle-reared, or when veterinary problems occur in farmed or park deer or in animal collections. This article aims to provide information about antlers in terms of their growth and associated abnormalities, and discusses the particular issues faced by practitioners when dealing with castrated deer (especially reindeer) and orphan male calves.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-519
Number of pages7
JournalIn Practice
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016


  • Deer
  • Antlers
  • Reindeer

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