We report sulfur isotope anomalies with Δ33S, the deviation from a mass-dependent fractionation line for the three-isotope system (34S/32S vs. 33 S/32S), ranging up to ±2‰ within individual Archean sedimentary sulfides from a variety of localities. Our measurements, which are made in situ by multicollector secondary ion mass spectrometry, unequivocally corroborate prior bulk measurements of mass-independent fractionations (MIF) in sulfur and provide additional evidence for an anoxic atmosphere on the Earth before ∼2 Ga. This technique also offers new opportunities for exploring ancient sulfur metabolisms preserved in the rock record. The presence of MIF sulfur in sulfides from a >3.8-Ga Fe-rich quartzite from Akilia (island), West Greenland, is consistent with a marine sedimentary origin for this rock.
|Translated title of the contribution||Mass-independent isotope effects in Archean (2.5 to 3.8 Ga) sedimentary sulfides determined by ion microprobe analysis|
|Number of pages||24|
|Journal||Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta|
|Publication status||Published - May 2003|