The extended exhortation of Tyrtaeus fr. 11 W urges the audience to take up their shield and spears and fight in a defensive fashion, ‘placing foot against foot, leaning chest on chest’ (v. 31). The overt message of the poem is clear: do not shirk nor run away, but rather stand firm and fight. Within the poem, Tyrtaeus weaves a more subtle message, describing a hoplite group which derives its defining characteristics through possession of a stalwart, ‘passive’ courage and a shield with a ‘belly’ (v. 24). The cohesion that this poem calls for and reproduces through its use of the second person plural and description of close, hoplite fighting, however, is disrupted by the last four lines of the poem, which form a jarring address that sit uneasily alongside the remainder of the poem.
|Publication status||In preparation - Apr 2015|
|Event||Classical Association Conference 2015 - Bristol, United Kingdom|
Duration: 10 Apr 2015 → 13 Apr 2015
|Conference||Classical Association Conference 2015|
|Period||10/04/15 → 13/04/15|
- Genre theory
- greek literature