Measurement of Highly Non-uniform Residual Stress Fields in Thin Plate Using a New Side Cut Destructive Method

Ho Kyeom Kim, Martyn Pavier, Anton Shterenlikht

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A recently proposed Mechanical Strain Relaxation (MSR) technique for the measurement of residual stress in thin plates is presented. The measurement of residual stress involves making a single straight cut and collecting the relaxation displacement data from the side surface. In this work the method was applied to an Aluminium friction stir welded (FSW) specimen. The cut was introduced with a wire electrical discharge machining. The displacements were recorded with a 3D digital image correlation (DIC) method. The measured FSW residual stress profile agreed well with that measured by Energy Dispersive X-ray Diffraction (EDXRD). It was observed that the amount of plastic strain, caused by stress redistribution during the relaxation process, strongly depends on the direction of the propagation of the cut. In particular, if a cut is propagated along the thickness of a plate, then the effect of plastic flow on the measured residual stress is negligible. Another attractive feature of the method is that it is relatively insensitive to random experimental noise.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Residual Stresses 2016 (ICRS-10)
Subtitle of host publicationMaterials Research Proceedings Volume 2
EditorsThomas M Holden, Ondrej Muránsky, Lyndon Edwards
PublisherMaterials Research Forum
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781945291173
ISBN (Print)9781945291166
Publication statusPublished - 22 Dec 2016


  • Non-uniform Residual Stress
  • Mechanical Strain Relaxation Technique
  • Digital Image Correlation
  • Thin Friction Stir Welding Plate
  • Plasticity Effect


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