Measurement of the secondary electron emission from CVD diamond films using phosphor screen detectors

Raquel M A Vaz, Paul W May, Neil A Fox, C J Harwood, Vijay Chatterjee, James A Smith, Colin J Horsfield, Jon S Lapington, Sophie Osbourne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
309 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Diamond-based photomultipliers have the potential to provide a significant improvement over existing devices due to diamond’s high secondary electron yield and narrow energy distribution of secondary electrons which improves energy resolution creating extremely fast response times. In this paper we describe an experimental apparatus designed to study secondary electron emission from diamond membranes only 400 nm thick, observed in reflection and transmission configurations. The setup consists of a system of calibrated P22 green phosphor screens acting as radiation converters which are used in combination with photomultiplier tubes to acquire secondary emission yield data from the diamond samples. The superior signal voltage sampling of the phosphor screen setup compared with traditional Faraday Cup detection allows the variation in the secondary electron yield across the sample to be visualised, allowing spatial distributions to be obtained. Preliminary reflection and transmission yield data are presented as a function of primary electron energy for selected CVD diamond films and membranes. Reflection data were also obtained from the same sample set using a Faraday Cup detector setup. In general, the curves for secondary electron yield versus primary energy for both measurement setups were comparable. On average a 15–20% lower signal was recorded on our setup compared to the Faraday Cup, which was attributed to the lower photoluminescent efficiency of the P22 phosphor screens when operated at sub-kilovolt bias voltages.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberP03004
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Volume10
Issue numberMarch 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2015

Keywords

  • diamond
  • secondary electron emission

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