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Folded paper has a long history in origami artwork and is used by engineers to rapidly prototype designs of adaptive structures and mechanical metamaterials. However, engineers should be cautious when using paper to investigate the mechanical properties of origami structures. We show that the non-linear, pseudo-plastic behaviour of paper folds complicates the modelling of the mechanical properties of an origami structure. However, this pseudo-plastic behaviour could also present a new design space to tailor the mechanical properties of origami by controlling the rest angles of the folds.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103540
Number of pages7
JournalMechanics Research Communications
Early online date30 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020


  • Engineering Origami
  • Self-Stress
  • Experimental Origami
  • Miura-ori


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