Mechanisms, regulation and cosequences of protein SUMOylation

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413 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The post-translational modification SUMOylation is a major regulator of protein function that plays an important role in a wide range of cellular processes. SUMOylation involves the covalent attachment of a member of the SUMO (small ubiquitin-like modifier) family of proteins to lysine residues in specific target proteins via an enzymatic cascade analogous to, but distinct from, the ubiquitination pathway. There are four SUMO paralogues and an increasing number of proteins are being identified as SUMO substrates. However, in many cases little is known about how SUMOylation of these targets is regulated. Compared with the ubiquitination pathway, relatively few components of the conjugationmachinery have been described and the processes that specify individual SUMO paralogue conjugation to defined substrate proteins are an active area of research. In the present review, we briefly describe the SUMOylation pathway and present an overview of the recent findings that are beginning to identify some of the mechanisms that regulate protein SUMOylation.
Translated title of the contributionMechanisms, regulation and cosequences of protein SUMOylation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133 - 145
Number of pages13
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume428 (2)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

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