New insights into the mechanism for the transition metal-mediated oxidation of hydroxamic acids to give intermediate acyl nitroso species, with subsequent hetero-Diels-Alder trapping are presented. The activation of triphenylphosphine-ligated ruthenium-salen complexes is examined, and evidence is presented for the ruthenium-oxo species which are involved in the oxidative process of the hydroxamic acid. The observation of the lack of asymmetric induction involved in the intermolecular cycloaddition process involving the intermediate acyl nitrsoso species is explained, with the aid of comparing the ruthenium-salen-based systems with nitrosotoluene, and copper(I)/copper(II) BINAP-based catalysis of nitrosopyridine complexes. This study demonstrates the importance of secondary coordination to achieve asymmetric induction in nitroso-Diels-Alder reactions.
- hetero-Diels-Alder reaction
- oxo ligands
- ASYMMETRIC ALPHA-AMINOXYLATION
- OXOCHROMIUM(V) CATIONS