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Mediterranean isolation preconditioning the Earth System for late Miocene climate cooling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • Walter Capella
  • Rachel Flecker
  • F. J. Hernández-Molina
  • Dirk Simon
  • Paul Meijer
  • Michael Rogerson
  • Francisco J. Sierro
  • Wout Krijgsman
Original languageEnglish
Article number3795
Number of pages8
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 7 Feb 2019
DatePublished (current) - 7 Mar 2019

Abstract

A global Neogene cooling trend culminated ~7 million years ago with the onset of Greenland glaciation. Increased ocean-atmosphere interaction and low- to high-latitude circulation are thought to be key factors in reorganizing late Miocene global temperature and precipitation patterns, but the drivers of this reorganization have yet to be identified. Here, we present new information about the evolution of the Atlantic-Mediterranean gateway that generated Mediterranean overflow. We use sedimentary and palaeogeographic evidence to constrain the timing and dimensions of this gateway and document the initiation of a saline plume of water within the North Atlantic. Today, this saline jet entrains and transports Eastern North Atlantic water and its dissolved inorganic carbon into the interior of the ocean, contributing to the drawdown of CO 2 and the sensitivity of the ocean to atmospheric changes. We show that during the Miocene this transport emerged simultaneously with gateway restriction and propose that the resulting interaction of ocean-surface and ocean-interior carbon inventories would have greatly enhanced ocean-atmosphere exchange, preconditioning the Earth System for late Miocene cooling.

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    Rights statement: This is the final published version of the article (version of record). It first appeared online via Springer Nature at https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40208-2 . Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

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    Licence: CC BY

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