Meeting Women’s Requests for Intrauterine Device and Contraceptive Implant Discontinuation: An exploratory survey of physicians

Bliss Kaneshiro, ZoeAnn Kon, Mary Tschann, Amanda Williams, Kasey Kajiwara, Reni Soon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review


Long acting reversible contraceptives (LARC), including intrauterine devices (IUDs) and contraceptive implants, can support an individual in meeting their reproductive goals by allowing them to prevent pregnancy effectively. These devices can also limit an individual’s control over reproduction because they generally require an in-person visit to a health care provider for removal. Returning for another visit may be logistically challenging for many individuals who may need to arrange for transportation, childcare, or take time off from work. Effectively negotiating with a provider to request removal may be additionally challenging for medically underserved and disenfranchised people who may not feel empowered to do so. The objective of this study was to assess providers’ willingness to honor patients’ requests for IUD and contraceptive implant removal on the day of the request. A survey was conducted in which clinicians were presented with scenarios of women requesting IUD or implant removal. Clinicians were asked what they were most likely to do. A total of 105 clinicians were surveyed. The responses of 60 clinicians who inserted IUDs and 57 who provided the contraceptive implant were included in the analysis. When asked about same-day removal of an IUD or implant from a dissatisfied patient who requested removal, 40% stated they would remove the implant, and 57% stated they would remove the IUD on the day of the request. Findings from this study suggest many clinicians would be unwilling or unable to accommodate a patient’s request for device removal at the time of their visit. This delay or refusal represents a significant barrier for patients and has implications for reproductive autonomy that should be further explored.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHawai‘i Journal of Health & Social Welfare
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 18 May 2020

Structured keywords

  • SoE Centre for Psychological Approaches for Studying Education


  • intrauterine device
  • contraceptive coercion
  • implant
  • reproductive justice
  • discontinuation


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