Megaflood analysis through channel networks of the Athabasca Valles, Mars based on multi-resolution stereo DTMs and 2D hydrodynamic modeling

Jung-Rack Kim*, Guy Schumann, Jeffrey C. Neal, Shih-Yuan Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stereo analysis of in-orbital imagery provides valuable topographic data for scientific research over planetary surfaces especially for the interpretation of potential fluvial activity. The focus of research into planetary fluvial activity has been shifting toward quantitative modeling with various spatial resolution DTMs from visual interpretation with ortho images. Thus in this study, we tested the application of hydraulic analysis with multi resolution Martian DTMs, which were constructed following the approaches of Kim and Muller (2009). Planet. Space Sci. 57 (14), 2095. Subsequently, a two-dimensional hydraulic model was introduced to conduct flow simulation using the extracted 1.2-150 m resolution DTMs. As a result, it was found that the simulated water flows coincided with what might be water eroded geomorphic features over target areas. Moreover, the information acquired from the modeling, such as water depth along the time line, flow direction and travel time, is proving of great value for the interpretation of surface characteristics. Results highlighted the importance of DTM quality for simulating fluvial channel hydraulics across planetary surfaces. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-69
Number of pages15
JournalPlanetary and Space Science
Volume99
Issue number0
Early online date6 May 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014

Keywords

  • DTM
  • Hydraulic model
  • Mars
  • Stereo analysis
  • Water flow
  • ORBITER LASER ALTIMETER
  • DIGITAL TERRAIN MODELS
  • CERBERUS FOSSAE
  • LAVA
  • GROUNDWATER
  • EMPLACEMENT
  • DEPOSITS
  • ELYSIUM
  • EQUATOR
  • SURFACE

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