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To investigate the susceptibility of the group II metabotropic glutamate receptor mGlu2 to agonist-induced desensitization, the receptor was stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-mGlu2) or C6 glioma cells (C6-mGlu2). Exposure of CHO-mGlu2 cells to the group II mGlu receptor agonist (2S,1′S,2′S)-2-(carboxycyclopropyl)glycine (LCCG-1; 10 μM) for up to 15 h did not affect the subsequent ability of LCCG-1 to inhibit forskolin-stimulated cAMP accumulation. Similarly, in C6-mGlu2 cells, prolonged exposure to LCCG-1 also did not affect the subsequent ability of LCCG-1 to inhibit cAMP formation. In contrast, exposure of CHO-mGlu2 cells to the protein kinase C activator phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) suppressed the ability of LCCG-1 to inhibit cAMP formation. Using an in vitro model of group II mGlu receptor activity, the hemisected neonatal rat spinal cord preparation, the ability of the selective group II agonist (2R,4R)-4-aminopyrrolidine-2,4-dicarboxylate ((2R,4R)-APDC) to depress the fast component of the dorsal root-evoked ventral root potential (fDR-VRP) did not desensitize when applied for up to 2 h. Together these results indicate that in contrast to most G protein-coupled receptors, the mGlu2 receptor is resistant to agonist-induced homologous desensitization, and that in vitro data suggests that resistance to desensitization is a physiologically relevant property of this mGlu receptor subtype.
Bibliographical notePublisher: Elsevier
Lennon, SM., Rivero, G., Matharu, A., Howson, PA., Jane, DE., Roberts, PJ., & Kelly, E. (2010). Metabotropic glutamate receptor mGlu2 is resistant to homologous agonist-induced desensitization but undergoes protein kinase C-mediated heterologous desensitization. European Journal of Pharmacology, 649, 29 - 37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2010.08.038