Metamaterial bricks and quantization of meta-surfaces

Gianluca Memoli, Mihai Caleap, Michihiro Asakawa, Deepak R Sahoo, Bruce W Drinkwater, Sriram Subramanian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

94 Citations (Scopus)
400 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Controlling acoustic fields is crucial in diverse applications such as loudspeaker design, ultrasound imaging and therapy or acoustic particle manipulation. The current approaches use fixed lenses or expensive phased arrays. Here, using a process of analogue-to-digital conversion and wavelet decomposition, we develop the notion of quantal meta-surfaces. The quanta here are small, pre-manufactured three-dimensional units-which we call metamaterial bricks-each encoding a specific phase delay. These bricks can be assembled into meta-surfaces to generate any diffraction-limited acoustic field. We apply this methodology to show experimental examples of acoustic focusing, steering and, after stacking single meta-surfaces into layers, the more complex field of an acoustic tractor beam. We demonstrate experimentally single-sided air-borne acoustic levitation using meta-layers at various bit-rates: from a 4-bit uniform to 3-bit non-uniform quantization in phase. This powerful methodology dramatically simplifies the design of acoustic devices and provides a key-step towards realizing spatial sound modulators.
Original languageEnglish
Article number14608
Number of pages8
JournalNature Communications
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Feb 2017

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