BACKGROUND: Greater promoter methylation in some tumor-suppressor genes underlies most sporadic colorectal cancers and increases with age in the colon.
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that biomarkers of folate and vitamin B-12 status are associated with estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and mutL homolog 1 (MLH1) promoter methylation in subjects with and without neoplasia.
DESIGN: Biopsies of normal-appearing colorectal mucosa from 156 subjects with and without colorectal neoplasia (disease free, n = 76; cancer, n = 28; adenoma, n = 35; hyperplastic polyps, n = 17) were obtained at colonoscopy and used to evaluate methylation in 7 CpG sites in the ERalpha promoter and 13 CpG sites in the MLH1 promoter. Blood samples were obtained for the measurement of serum and red cell folate, serum vitamin B-12, and plasma homocysteine concentrations. Methylation indexes were generated to reflect an average methylation value across all CpG dinucleotides in both ERalpha and MLH1.
RESULTS: The methylation indexes for ERalpha and MLH1 generally were significantly (P < 0.05) higher in subjects with neoplasia than in disease-free subjects. The ERalpha methylation index correlated negatively with serum vitamin B-12 (r = -0.239, P = 0.003) and positively with plasma homocysteine (r = 0.188, P = 0.021). Disease status (P < 0.005), age (P < 0.001), and serum vitamin B-12 concentrations (P = 0.006) were independent determinants of ERalpha promoter methylation. Serum and red cell folate concentrations had no influence on ERalpha promoter methylation.
CONCLUSION: Serum vitamin B-12 but not folate status may be associated with ERalpha promoter methylation in normal-appearing colorectal mucosa.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||American Journal of Clinical Nutrition|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2007|
- Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
- Base Sequence
- Biological Markers
- Case-Control Studies
- Colonic Polyps
- Colorectal Neoplasms
- DNA Methylation
- Estrogen Receptor alpha
- Folic Acid
- Intestinal Mucosa
- Middle Aged
- Nuclear Proteins
- Nutritional Status
- Vitamin B 12