Metre-scale cyclicity in Permian ramp carbonates of equatorial Pangea (Venezuelan Andes): Implications for sedimentation under tropical Pangea conditions

Juan Carlos Laya*, Maurice E. Tucker, Alberto Perez-Huerta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Palmarito strata in the mid-Permian of the Venezuelan Andes show three different types of metre-scale cycle: Type A cycles are mixed clastic-carbonate, shallowing-upward peritidal cycles. The upper boundaries of the cycles are exposure surfaces with calcrete. This kind of cycle shows a significant degree of randomness in its thickness pattern and this is attributed to an autocydic origin through tidal-fiat progradation, and variations in carbonate productivity and dastic input to the depositional area Type B cycles consist entirely of shallow subtidal fades with a shallowing-upward arrangement and an alternation between heterozoan and photozoan assemblages. Type C cycles were deposited in a middle to outer ramp setting and are characterized by a heterozoan assemblage and shallowing-upward trends that includes spiculitic wackestone-packstone passing up into neomorphic bioclastic wackestone or bioclastic crinoidal-bryozoan wadtestone-packstone. All cycles are interpreted as 4th-5th order (10(4) to 10(5) years duration) and some can be linked to Milankovitch orbital rhythms, notably short eccentricity (similar to 100,000 years). Overall, the origin of the Palmarito cycles was a complex combination of autocyclic and allocyclic controls; however, the evidence suggests that cycles in the lower part of the succession were dominated more by autocyclic processes whereas those in the upper part were more the result of allocyclic controls. Climate-driven processes, such as migration of the intertropical convergence one and the waxing and waning of polar ice-caps, had significant effects on deposition of the Palmarito succession and the cycles therein, controlling the clastic sediment supply, nutrient availability and thus carbonate production, and sea-level change, and these factors determined the vertical stacking pattern of the cycles. Published by Elsevier B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-35
Number of pages21
JournalSedimentary Geology
Volume292
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2013

Keywords

  • Upper Palaeozoic
  • Permian
  • Cyclicity
  • Venezuela
  • Palmarito Formation
  • PALEOZOIC ICE-AGE
  • SEA-LEVEL CHANGES
  • NUTRIENT AVAILABILITY
  • STACKING PATTERNS
  • CYCLE STACKING
  • HIGH-FREQUENCY
  • FISCHER PLOTS
  • COOL-WATER
  • PLATFORM
  • CLIMATE

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