Aqueous solution properties of polyethylene oxide-block-polypropylene oxide-block-polyethylene oxide TBP [(PEO)103(PPO)39(PEO) 103] were studied in the presence of sodium salts with different anions (NaI, NaBr, NaCl, NaF, Na2SO4, Na 3PO4) to investigate unimer-to-micelle transition [critical micelle concentration (CMC), critical micellization temperature (CMT)], micelle size and the phase separation (cloud point). This TBP, due to its very hydrophilic (80% PEO) nature does not form micelles at ambient temperatures. Micellization can be induced much below its CMT in water on addition of sodium salts having different anions. Analytical methods viz. fluorescence, FTIR and dynamic light scattering (DLS) were used to monitor the salt-induced micellization. The hydration of respective anion and resultant contribution to its salting-out effect was found to be the governing factor in promoting micellization. The presence of salt decreases the CMC, CMT and phase separation temperature. The salts affect the aggregation process in agreement with an order mentioned in Hofmeister series.
- Cloud point
- Hydrodynamic diameter