Middle paleolithic human remains from the Gruta da Oliveira (Torres Novas), Portugal

Erik Trinkaus, Julia Maki, Joao Zilhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Ongoing excavations in the Middle Paleolithic levels at the Gruta da Oliveira, Portugal have yielded four fragmentary human remains, a manual phalanx and an ulna from levels 9 and 10, and a humerus and a tibia from levels 18 and 19. The first two remains date to approximate to 39 ka C-14 BP (approximate to 43.5 ka cal BP), whereas the latter two derive from earlier in oxygen isotope stage 3. The preserved portions of the phalanx, humerus, and tibia align them morphologically with the Neandertals. In addition, the Oliveira 4 tibial diaphysis shows evidence of carnivore (probably canid) gnawing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-273
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2007

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