Mitigating conflict and violence in African cities

Sean Fox, Jo Beall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The process of urbanisation has historically been associated with both socioeconomic development and social strain. Although there is little evidence that urbanisation per se increases the likelihood of conflict or violence in a country, in recent decades Africa has experienced exceptional rates of urban population growth in a context of economic stagnation and poor governance, producing conditions conducive to social unrest and violence. In order to improve urban security in the years ahead, the underlying risk factors must be addressed, including urban poverty, inequality, and fragile political institutions. This, in turn, requires improving urban governance in the region by strengthening the capacity of local government institutions, addressing the complex political dynamics that impede effective urban planning and management, and cultivating integrated development strategies that involve cooperation between various tiers and spheres of government and civil society.
Keywords: urbanisation, Africa, conflict, violence, urban governance
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)968-981
JournalEnvironment and Planning C: Government and Policy
Volume30
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Structured keywords

  • PolicyBristolSecurityConflictAndJustice
  • PolicyBristolGovernanceAndPublicServices

Keywords

  • urbanisation
  • Africa
  • conflict
  • violence
  • urban governance

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