MMP-9 and -12 cause N-cadherin shedding and thereby {beta}-catenin signalling and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation

A Dwivedi, S Slater, SJ George

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIMS: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation contributes to intimal thickening in restenosis and atherosclerosis. Previously, we demonstrated that matrix-degrading metalloproteinase (MMP)-dependent shedding of the extracellular portion of N-cadherin increased VSMC proliferation via elevation of beta-catenin signalling and cyclin D1 expression. In this study, we aimed to determine whether MMP-2, -9, -12, or -14 regulates VSMC proliferation via N-cadherin shedding. METHODS AND RESULTS: N-cadherin shedding was significantly impaired in proliferating mouse aortic VSMCs deficient in MMP-9 (MMP-9(-/-)) and MMP-12 (MMP-12(-/-)) compared with wild-type controls (1.1 +/- 0.7- and 1.0 +/- 0.1- vs. 2.0 +/- 0.2-fold). Furthermore, proliferating VSMCs subjected to MMP-9 or -12 siRNA knockdown or deficient in MMP-9 or -12 showed significantly increased cellular levels of N-cadherin compared with controls (1.7 +/- 0.2-, 2.7 +/- 0.6-, and 3.5 +/- 1.6-, 1.7 +/- 0.2-fold, respectively). Incubation of VSMCs with active MMP-9 or -12 independently increased N-cadherin cleavage. Additionally, beta-catenin signalling was significantly reduced by 52 +/- 17 and 81 +/- 12% in MMP-9(-/-) and -12(-/-) proliferating VSMCs, respectively, and this was corroborated by siRNA knockdown of MMP-9 and -12. Decreased beta-catenin signalling coincided with significantly reduced proliferation and cyclin D1 protein levels in MMP-9(-/-) and -12(-/-) cells. Little or no additive effect was observed with combined modulation of MMP-9 and -12 in all experiments. In contrast, N-cadherin shedding and VSMC proliferation were not modulated by MMP-2 and -14. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, we propose that MMP-9 and -12 promote intimal thickening by independent cleavage of N-cadherin, which elevates VSMC proliferation via beta-catenin signalling.
Translated title of the contributionMMP-9 and -12 cause N-cadherin shedding and thereby {beta}-catenin signalling and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178 - 186
Number of pages11
JournalCardiovascular Research
Volume1;81(1)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Oxford Journals

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