The problem of acoustic radiation from an infinite cylinder undergoing harmonic modal surface vibrations near a locally reacting planar boundary is considered. The formulation utilizes the appropriate wave field expansions, the classical method of images, and the translational addition theorem for cylindrical wave functions, along with a simple local surface reaction model involving a complex amplitude wave reflection coefficient applied to simulate the relevant boundary conditions for the given configuration. The analytical results are illustrated with a numerical example in which the cylindrical surface is immersed near a layer of fibrous material set on an impervious rigid wall. The numerical results reveal the important effects of interface local surface reaction and source position on the computed modal impedance component values and the radiated on-axis far-field pressure. The benchmark solution presented can lead to a better understanding of acoustic radiation from near-interface two-dimensional sources, which are commonly encountered problems in outdoor acoustics and noise control engineering. Eventually, it could be used to validate those found by numerical approximation techniques.