Compositional fluctuations of N in Ga0.68In0.32 NxAs1-x result in quantum dot (QD)-like fluctuations in the conduction band edge (CBE). The influence of these compositional fluctuations on the performance of Ga0.68In0.32NxAs1-x/GaAs quantum well (QW) lasers has been studied using a rate equation approach. Adding N into InGaAs has been observed to reduce the photon luminescence (PL) intensity, broaden the line width, and increase the laser threshold. For low N composition (N approximate to 1%), due to the small density of QD-like fluctuations, the electron density within the fluctuations is below the lasing threshold and they act as defect-related nonradiative centers. However, as N increases (N >= 2%), the density of the QD-like fluctuations increases allowing lasing to occur from the QD-like fluctuations. The dynamics of the electrons and photons in both the 2-D QW and the QD-like fluctuations are evaluated. In addition, by adding the gain of the QD-like fluctuations and the QW confined level gain, a broad-band material gain results can be exploited in tuneable lasers.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
- Broad-band gain
- quantum dot (QD)-like fluctuations
- RECOMBINATION MECHANISMS