Modeling flow in collecting lymphatic vessels: one-dimensional flow through a series of contractile elements

A. J. Macdonald, K. P. Arkill, G. R. Tabor*, N. G. McHale, C. P. Winlove

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The lymphatic system comprises a series of elements, lymphangions, separated by valves and possessed of active, contractile walls to pump interstitial fluid from its collection in the terminal lymphatics back to the main circulation. Despite its importance, there is a dearth of information on the fluid dynamics of the lymphatic system. In this article, we describe linked experimental and computational work aimed at elucidating the biomechanical properties of the individual lymphangions. We measure the static and dynamic mechanical properties of excised bovine collecting lymphatics and develop a one-dimensional computational model of the coupled fluid flow/wall motion. The computational model is able to reproduce the pumping behavior of the real vessel using a simple contraction function producing fast contraction pulses traveling in the retrograde direction to the flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H305-H313
Number of pages9
JournalAJP - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume295
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

Keywords

  • computational fluid dynamics
  • floppy tube
  • valve
  • MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS
  • MESENTERIC LYMPHATICS
  • THORACIC-DUCT
  • PUMP
  • COORDINATION
  • MOVEMENT
  • SYSTEM
  • BLOOD

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