Modelling patient behaviour using IoT sensor data: A case-study to evaluate techniques for modelling domestic behaviour in recovery from total hip replacement surgery

Michael Holmes*, Miquel Perello Nieto, Hao Song, Emma L. Tonkin, Sabrina Grant, Peter A Flach

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

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Abstract

The UK health service sees around 160,000 total hip or knee replacements every year and this number is expected to rise with an ageing population. Expectations of surgical outcomes are changing alongside demographic trends, whilst aftercare may be fractured as a result of resource limitations. Conventional assessments of health outcomes must evolve to keep up with these changing trends. Health outcomes may be assessed largely by self report using Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs), such as the Oxford Hip or Oxford Knee Score, in the months up to and following surgery. Though widely used, many PROMs have methodological limitations and there is debate about how to interpret results and definitions of clinically meaningful change. With the development of a home-monitoring system, there is opportunity to characterise the relationship between PROMs and behaviour in a natural setting and to develop methods of passive monitoring of outcome and recovery after surgery.

In this paper we discuss the motivation and technology used in long-term continuous observation of movement, sleep and domestic routine for healthcare applications, such as the HEmiSPHERE project for hip and knee replacement patients. In this case study, we evaluate trends evident in data of two patients, collected over a three months observation period post-surgery, by comparison to scores from PROMs for sleep and movement quality, and by comparison to a third control home. We find that accelerometer and indoor localisation data correctly highlights long-term trends in sleep and movement quality and can be used to predict sleep and wake times and measure sleep and wake routine variance over time, while indoor localisation provides context for the domestic
routine and mobility of the patient. Finally, we discuss a visual method of sharing findings with healthcare professionals.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Healthcare Informatics Research
Publication statusSubmitted - 2020

Structured keywords

  • Digital Health

Keywords

  • internet of things
  • Actigraphy
  • hip replacement surgery
  • Mobility
  • Sleep
  • Indoor localisation
  • Wearable sensors

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  • Projects

    SPHERE2

    Craddock, I. J.

    1/10/1830/09/21

    Project: Research, Parent

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