Importance Third-generation cephalosporins (3GCs) are critically important antibacterials and 3GC-resistance (3GC-R) threatens human health, particularly in the context of opportunistic pathogens such as Escherichia coli. There is some evidence for zoonotic transmission of 3GC-R E. coli through food, but little work has been done examining possible transmission (e.g. via interaction of people with the local near-farm environment). We characterised acquired 3GC-R E. coli found on dairy farms in a geographically restricted region of the United Kingdom and compared these with E. coli from people living in the same region, collected in parallel. Whilst there is strong evidence for recent farm-to-farm transmission of 3GC-R strains and plasmids – including one epidemic plasmid that has a remarkable capacity to transmit – there was no evidence that 3GC-R found on study farms had a significant impact on circulating 3GC-R E. coli strains or plasmids in the local human population.
- antibiotic resistance
- phylogenetic analysis
- plasmid analysis
- zoonotic infections
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- Bristol Veterinary School - Professor of Veterinary Epidemiology and Population Health, Senior Lecturer in Farm Animal Science
- Bristol Population Health Science Institute
- Biostatistics, Epidemiology, Mathematics and Ecology
- Infection and Immunity
- Cabot Institute for the Environment
Person: Academic , Member