Molecular hydrogen storage in fullerenes for use on board fuel cell vehicles

D. J. Durbin, N. L. Allan, C. Malardier-Jugroot

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

Abstract

Hydrogen gas is a promising potential replacement for fossil fuels on board vehicles. However, it cannot be commercially used until an energetically inexpensive method is found which reduces a reasonable mass of H2 to sufficiently small volume. Carbon nanomaterials are a strong potential candidate for this storage material because they are cheap, lightweight and abudant and can store H2 through physisorption interactions, which in principle allow H2 to be removed from the storage material easily. Unfortunately, C-H2 physisorption interactions are weak and so must be optimized (is optimized the right word here - the conclusion is that physisorption tself is too weak - hence the heme dopants for example which I would call hindered chemisorption) before the storage method becomes viable. Therefore, the current project analysed carbon fullerenes to understand the factors which govern the interactions and so indicate the most favourable systems for further study.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTechnical Proceedings of the 2014 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2014
PublisherNano Science and Technology Institute
Pages387-390
Number of pages4
Volume3
ISBN (Print)9781482258301
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
EventNanotechnology 2014: Electronics, Manufacturing, Environment, Energy and Water - 2014 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2014 - Washington, DC, United Kingdom
Duration: 15 Jun 201418 Jun 2014

Conference

ConferenceNanotechnology 2014: Electronics, Manufacturing, Environment, Energy and Water - 2014 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2014
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityWashington, DC
Period15/06/1418/06/14

Keywords

  • Carbon nanomaterials
  • Curvature
  • Fuel cell vehicles
  • Fullerenes
  • Hydrogen storage
  • Physisorption

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  • Cite this

    Durbin, D. J., Allan, N. L., & Malardier-Jugroot, C. (2014). Molecular hydrogen storage in fullerenes for use on board fuel cell vehicles. In Technical Proceedings of the 2014 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2014 (Vol. 3, pp. 387-390). Nano Science and Technology Institute.