Monitoring congestive heart failure

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Background: Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a clinical syndrome that is commonly encountered in small animal practice. It is characterised by the accumulation of fluid as a result of severe heart disease. This fluid accumulation manifests as pulmonary oedema in left-sided CHF and as cavitary
effusions (pleural, pericardial and ascites) in right-sided CHF. The clinical consequences of both CHF itself and its medical management can have a significant impact on a patient’s welfare; appropriate monitoring is therefore crucial to maintaining a good quality of life.

Aim of the article: This article reviews the goals of monitoring CHF and discusses the methods available in veterinary practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-21
Number of pages8
JournalIn Practice
Early online date29 May 2020
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jun 2020


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