Monitoring for Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) Reactivation at Home: The MONARCH Study

Elizabeth M Ward, Robin A Wickens, Abby J O'Connell, Lucy A Culliford, Chris A Rogers, Eleanor A Gidman, Tunde Peto, Paul Knox, Benjamin Burton, Andrew Lotery, Sobha Sivaprasad, Michael Donnelly, Charlene Treanor, Ruth Hogg*, Barnaby C Reeves*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
113 Downloads (Pure)


Aims: This study aims to quantify the diagnostic test-accuracy of three visual function self-monitoring tests for detection of active disease in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) when compared with usual care. An integrated qualitative study will investigate the acceptability of these home-based testing strategies.

Methods: All consenting participants are provided with an equipment pack containing an iPod touch with two vision test applications installed and a paper journal of reading tests. Participants self-monitor their vision at home each week with all three tests for 12-18 months. Usual care continues over this period. Key eligibility criteria are: age ≥50 years; at least one eye with AMD with ≥6-≤42 months since first AMD treatment; and vision not worse than Snellen 6/60, LogMAR 1.04 or 33 letters. The primary outcome, and reference standard, is diagnosis of active disease during usual care monitoring in the Hospital Eye Service. Secondary outcomes include duration of study participation, ability of participants to do the tests, adherence to weekly testing and acceptability of the tests to participants.

Conclusions: Recruitment is in progress at five NHS centres. Challenges in procuring equipment, setting up the devices and transporting devices containing lithium batteries to participating sites delayed the start of recruitment. The study will describe the performance of the tests self-administered at home in detecting active disease compared to usual care monitoring. It will also describe the feasibility of the NHS implementing patient-administered electronic tests or similar applications at home for monitoring health.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2020

Structured keywords

  • BTC (Bristol Trials Centre)


  • Vision
  • Macular degeneration
  • neovascular age-related macular degeneration
  • Home monitoring


Dive into the research topics of 'Monitoring for Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) Reactivation at Home: The MONARCH Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this