Monitoring the evolution of fracture compliances during hydraulic stimulation using passive seismic data

A. F. Baird*, J. P. Verdon, J. M. Kendall

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

Abstract

Seismic anisotropy is a useful attribute for the detection and characterization of aligned fracture sets in petroleum reservoirs. While many techniques to estimate anisotropy have been successful in inferring fracture density and orientation, they generally provide little constraint on the ability of the fractures to facilitate fluid flow. A potentially useful property to provide insight into this is the ratio of the normal to tangential fracture compliance (ZN/ZT). ZN/ZT is sensitive to many properties including: the stiffness of the infilling fluid, fracture connectivity and permeability, and the internal architecture of the fracture. Here we demonstrate a method to infer ZN/ZT using shear wave splitting measurements on two microseismic datasets from hydraulic stimulations. Both examples show apparent increases in ZN/ZT during the stimulation process. We suggest that this may be produced by the development of new, clean fractures that have a greater normal compliance than their natural counterparts, combined with increases in fracture connectivity and permeability. The ability to monitor ZN/ZT during stimulations provides a means to gain insight into the evolving flow properties of the induced fracture network, and may be beneficial for assessing the effectiveness of stimulation strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication75th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2013 Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2013: Changing Frontiers
PublisherEuropean Association of Geoscientists and Engineers, EAGE
Pages5379-5383
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9781629937915
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event75th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2013 Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2013: Changing Frontiers - London, United Kingdom
Duration: 10 Jun 201313 Jun 2013

Conference

Conference75th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2013 Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2013: Changing Frontiers
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period10/06/1313/06/13

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