Skip to content

Mortality according to CD4 count at start of combination antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected patients followed for up to 15 years after start of treatment: collaborative cohort study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1571-1577
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Issue number12
Early online date29 Mar 2016
DateAccepted/In press - 18 Mar 2016
DateE-pub ahead of print - 29 Mar 2016
DatePublished (current) - 15 Jun 2016


Background. CD4 count at start of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) is strongly associated with short-term survival, but its association with longer-term survival is less well characterised.

Methods. We estimated mortality rates (MR) by time since start of ART (<0.5, 0.5-0.9, 1-2.9, 3-3.9, 5-9.9 and ≥10 years) among patients from 18 European and North American cohorts who started ART during 1996-2001. Piecewise exponential models stratified by cohort were used to estimate crude and adjusted (for sex, age, transmission risk, period of starting ART [1996-7, 1998-9, 2000-1], AIDS and HIV-1 RNA at baseline) mortality rate ratios (MRR) by CD4 count at start of ART (0-49, 50-99, 100-199, 200-349, 350-499, ≥500 cells/μL) overall and separately according to time since start of ART.

Results. 6,344 of 37,496 patients died during 359,219 years of follow up. The MR per 1000 person-years was 32.8 (95% CI 30.2-35.5) during the first 6 months, declining to 16.0 (15.4, 16.8) during 5-9.9 years and 14.2 (13.3-15.1) after 10 years duration of ART. During the first year of ART there was a strong inverse association of CD4 count at start of ART with mortality. This diminished over the next 4 years. The adjusted MRR per CD4 group were 0.97 (0.94-1.00), p=0.054 and 1.02 (0.98-1.07), p=0.32 among patients followed for 5-9.9 and >10 years respectively.

Conclusions. After surviving five years of ART, the mortality of patients who started ART with low baseline CD4 count converged with mortality of patients with intermediate and high baseline CD4 counts.

    Research areas

  • HIV, CD4 count, antiretroviral therapy, mortality, cohort collaboration

Download statistics

No data available



  • Full-text PDF (accepted author manuscript)

    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Oxford University Press at Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 1 MB, PDF document

    Licence: CC BY


View research connections

Related faculties, schools or groups