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Motivated Rejection of Science

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-222
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Directions in Psychological Science
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
DateAccepted/In press - 21 May 2016
DatePublished (current) - 1 Aug 2016

Abstract

Some scientifically well-established results—such as the fact that emission of greenhouse gases produces global warming—are rejected by sizable proportions of the population in the United States and other countries. Rejection of scientific findings is mostly driven by motivated cognition: People tend to reject findings that threaten their core beliefs or worldview. At present, rejection of scientific findings by the U.S. public is more prevalent on the political right than the left. Yet the cognitive mechanisms driving rejection of science, such as the superficial processing of evidence toward the desired interpretation, are found regardless of political orientation. General education and scientific literacy do not mitigate rejection of science but, rather, increase the polarization of opinions along partisan lines. In contrast, specific knowledge about the mechanisms underlying a scientific result—such as human-made climate change—can increase the acceptance of that result.

    Structured keywords

  • Memory

    Research areas

  • cognition about science, rejection of science, science and the public, science communication

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  • Full-text PDF (accepted author manuscript)

    Rights statement: This is the accepted author manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Sage at http://doi.org/10.1177/0963721416654436. Please refer to any applicable terms of use of the publisher.

    Accepted author manuscript, 254 KB, PDF document

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