Multimodal Dependent Type Theory

G. A. Kavvos, Daniel Gratzer*, Andreas Nuyts, Lars Birkedal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
53 Downloads (Pure)


We introduce MTT, a dependent type theory which supports multiple modalities. MTT is parametrized by a mode theory which specifies a collection of modes, modalities, and transformations between them. We show that different choices of mode theory allow us to use the same type theory to compute and reason in many modal situations, including guarded recursion, axiomatic cohesion, and parametric quantification. We reproduce examples from prior work in guarded recursion and axiomatic cohesion, thereby demonstrating that MTT constitutes a simple and usable syntax whose instantiations intuitively correspond to previous handcrafted modal type theories. In some cases, instantiating MTT to a particular situation unearths a previously unknown type theory that improves upon prior systems. Finally, we investigate the metatheory of MTT. We prove the consistency of MTT and establish canonicity through an extension of recent type-theoretic gluing techniques. These results hold irrespective of the choice of mode theory, and thus apply to a wide variety of modal situations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11:1-11:67
Number of pages67
JournalLogical Methods in Computer Science (LMCS)
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2021

Structured keywords

  • Programming Languages


  • modality
  • modal types
  • type theory
  • category theory
  • proof assistant
  • modal logic


Dive into the research topics of 'Multimodal Dependent Type Theory'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this