Multiphase petrography of volcanic rocks using element maps: a method applied to Mount St. Helens, 1980–2005

DD Muir, JD Blundy, AC Rust

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Quantitative textural analyses including crystal size distributions (CSDs) provide insights into crystallisation kinetics of magmatic systems. Investigations of volcanic crystal textures often rely on greyscale variations on backscattered electron images to identify crystal phases, which must then be thresholded and/or traced manually, a laborious task, and investigations are typically restricted to a single crystal phase. A method is presented that uses energy-dispersive X-ray element maps to generate textural data. Each pixel is identified as a crystal phase, glass or vesicle according to relative chemical composition enabling concurrent acquisition of multiphase CSD, crystallinity and mineral mode data. Data processing is less time intensive for the operator but considerable instrument time is required to generate element maps. The method is applied to 17 dacite samples from the 1980–1986 and 3 from the 2004–2005 eruptive periods of Mount St. Helens volcano (USA) to provide quantitative insights into multiphase textural evolution. All of the CSDs are curved and concave-up in the standard CSD plot with curvature increasing with plagioclase content. To facilitate comparisons with previous studies, CSDs for microlites (
Translated title of the contributionMultiphase petrography of volcanic rocks using element maps: a method applied to Mount St. Helens, 1980–2005
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages20
JournalBulletin of Volcanology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Springer Berlin / Heidelberg

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