Mutations in ATP-Sensitive K+ Channel Genes Cause Transient Neonatal Diabetes and Permanent Diabetes in Childhood or Adulthood

SE Flanagan, AM Patch, DJ Mackay, EL Edghill, AL Gloyn, D Robinson, JPH Shield, IK Temple, SE Ellard, AT Hattersley

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Abstract

Transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (TNDM) is diagnosed in the first 6 months of life, with remission in infancy or early childhood. For [~]50% of patients, their diabetes will relapse in later life. The majority of cases result from anomalies of the imprinted region on chromosome 6q24, and 14 patients with ATP-sensitive K+ channel (KATP channel) gene mutations have been reported. We determined the 6q24 status in 97 patients with TNDM. In patients in whom no abnormality was identified, the KCNJ11 gene and/or ABCC8 gene, which encode the Kir6.2 and SUR1 subunits of the pancreatic {beta}-cell KATP channel, were sequenced. KATP channel mutations were found in 25 of 97 (26%) TNDM probands (12 KCNJ11 and 13 ABCC8), while 69 of 97 (71%) had chromosome 6q24 abnormalities. The phenotype associated with KCNJ11 and ABCC8 mutations was similar but markedly different from 6q24 patients who had a lower birth weight and who were diagnosed and remitted earlier (all P <0.001). KATP channel mutations were identified in 26 additional family members, 17 of whom had diabetes. Of 42 diabetic patients, 91% diagnosed before 6 months remitted, but those diagnosed after 6 months had permanent diabetes (P <0.0001). KATP channel mutations account for 89% of patients with non-6q24 TNDM and result in a discrete clinical subtype that includes biphasic diabetes that can be treated with sulfonylureas. Remitting neonatal diabetes was observed in two of three mutation carriers, and permanent diabetes occurred after 6 months of age in subjects without an initial diagnosis of neonatal diabetes.
Translated title of the contributionMutations in ATP-Sensitive K+ Channel Genes Cause Transient Neonatal Diabetes and Permanent Diabetes in Childhood or Adulthood
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1930 - 1937
Number of pages8
JournalDiabetes
Volume56 (7)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007

Bibliographical note

Publisher: American Diabetes Association

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    Flanagan, SE., Patch, AM., Mackay, DJ., Edghill, EL., Gloyn, AL., Robinson, D., Shield, JPH., Temple, IK., Ellard, SE., & Hattersley, AT. (2007). Mutations in ATP-Sensitive K+ Channel Genes Cause Transient Neonatal Diabetes and Permanent Diabetes in Childhood or Adulthood. Diabetes, 56 (7), 1930 - 1937. https://doi.org/10.2337/db07-0043