Named Data Networking in Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks: State-of-the-Art and Challenges

Hakima Khelifi*, Senlin Luo, Boubakr Nour, Hassine Moungla, Yasir Faheem, Rasheed Hussain, Adlen Ksentini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

202 Citations (Scopus)


Information-centric networking (ICN) has been proposed as one of the future Internet architectures. It is poised to address the challenges faced by today's Internet that include, but not limited to, scalability, addressing, security, and privacy. Furthermore, it also aims at meeting the requirements for new emerging Internet applications. To realize ICN, named data networking (NDN) is one of the recent implementations of ICN that provides a suitable communication approach due to its clean slate design and simple communication model. There are a plethora of applications realized through ICN in different domains where data is the focal point of communication. One such domain is intelligent transportation system realized through vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) where vehicles exchange information and content with each other and with the infrastructure. Up to date, excellent research results have been yielded in the VANET domain aiming at safe, reliable, and infotainment-rich driving experience. However, due to the dynamic topologies, host-centric model, and ephemeral nature of vehicular communication, various challenges are faced by VANET that hinder the realization of successful vehicular networks and adversely affect the data dissemination, content delivery, and user experiences. To fill these gaps, NDN has been extensively used as underlying communication paradigm for VANET. Inspired by the extensive research results in NDN-based VANET, in this paper, we provide a detailed and systematic review of NDN-driven VANET. More precisely, we investigate the role of NDN in VANET and discuss the feasibility of NDN architecture in VANET environment. Subsequently, we cover in detail, NDN-based naming, routing and forwarding, caching, mobility, and security mechanism for VANET. Furthermore, we discuss the existing standards, solutions, and simulation tools used in NDN-based VANET. Finally, we also identify open challenges and issues faced by NDN-driven VANET and highlight future research directions that should be addressed by the research community.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8624354
Pages (from-to)320-351
Number of pages32
JournalIEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Recently, National Research Foundation (NSF) [4] funded different projects targeting the Future Internet Architecture including Named-Data Network (NDN) [5], Mobility First [6], Nebula [7], eXpressive Internet Architecture (XIA) [8], and ChoiceNet [9]. On the other hand, UC Berkeley and European Commission (EU) [10] also funded a variety of projects as a new vision for the future Internet including Data-Oriented Network Architecture (DONA) [11], Content Mediator Architecture for Content-Aware Networks (COMET) [12], Convergence [13], Scalable and Adaptive Internet Solutions (SAIL) [14], and Publish-Subscribe Internet Technology (PURSUIT) [15]. Among other potential candidates for future Internet architecture, Information-Centric Networking (ICN) [16] has been proposed as a new networking paradigm for the future Internet. ICN addresses the pressing issues faced by the current IP-based networks [17], aiming to ensure efficient data dissemination by integrating all network features around the name of content rather than the host address. In ICN, the content name is the fundamental element (also considered as the first-class citizen of the network), where it should be globally unique, persistent, secure, location-independent, and friendly. Content names can be represented in different formats such as hierarchical, flat, or attribute-value names. In this context, the traditional routing plane of the IP-based networks has been changed from using host address to using content name, known as name-based routing. Moreover, in-network caching and replication are used during communication to allow fast data retrieval.

Publisher Copyright:
© 1998-2012 IEEE.


  • Information-centric networking
  • named data networking
  • survey
  • vehicular ad-hoc networks


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