Native T1 mapping to detect extent of acute and chronic myocardial infarction: comparison with late gadolinium enhancement technique

Amardeep Ghosh Dastidar, Iwan Harries, Giulia Pontecorboli, Vito D Bruno, Estefania De Garate, Charlie Moret, Anna Baritussio, Thomas W Johnson, Elisa McAlindon, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Investigate whether native-T1 mapping can assess the transmural extent of myocardial infarction (TEI) thereby differentiating viable from non-viable myocardium without the use of gadolinium-contrast in both acute and chronic myocardial infarction (aMI and cMI). Sixty patients (30 cMI > 1 year and 30 aMI day 2 STEMI) and 20 healthy-controls underwent 1.5 T CMR to assess left ventricular function (cine), native-T1 mapping (MOLLI sequence 5(3)3, motion-corrected) and the presence and TEI from late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) images. Segments with TEI > 75% was considered non-viable. Gold-standard LGE-TEI was compared with corresponding segmental native-T1. Segmental native-T1 correlated significantly with TEI (R = 0.74, p < 0.001 in cMI and R = 0.57, p < 0.001 in aMI). Native-T1 differentiated segments with no LGE (1031 ± 31 ms), LGE positive but viable (1103 ± 57 ms) and LGE positive but non-viable (1206 ± 118 ms) in cMI (p < 0.01). It also differentiated segments with no LGE (1054 ± 65 m), LGE positive but viable (1135 ± 73 ms) and LGE positive but non-viable (1168 ± 71 ms) in aMI (p < 0.01). ROC analysis demonstrated excellent accuracy of native-T1 mapping compared to LGE-TEI (AUC - 0.88, p < 0.001 in cMI, vs AUC - 0.83, p < 0.001 in aMI). Native-T1 performed better in cMI than aMI (p < 0.01). In cMI a segmental T1 threshold of 1085 ms differentiated viable from non-viable segments with a sensitivity 88% and specificity of 88% whereas a T1 of 1110 ms differentiated viable from nonviable with 79% sensitivity and 79% specificity in aMI. Native-T1 mapping correlates significantly with TEI thereby differentiating between normal, viable, and non-viable myocardium with distinctive T1 profiles in aMI and cMI. Native T1-mapping to detect MI performed better in cMI compared to aMI due to absence of myocardial oedema. Native-T1 mapping holds promise for viability assessment without the need for gadolinium-contrast agent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-527
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume35
Issue number3
Early online date24 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Viability
  • T1 mapping
  • Cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • Myocardial infarction

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