Neonatal Health of Parents and Cognitive Development of Children

Hans H. Sievertsen*, Claus Thustrup Kreiner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

It is well-established that neonatal health is a strong predictor of socioeconomic outcomes later in life, but does neonatal health also predict key outcomes of the next generation? This paper documents a surprisingly strong relationship between birth weight of parents and school test scores of their children. The association between maternal birth weight and child test scores corresponds to 50-80 percent of the association between the child’s own birth weight and test scores across various empirical specifications, for example including grandmother fixed effects that isolate within family differences between mothers. Paternal and maternal birth weights are equally important in predicting child test scores. Our intergenerational results suggest that inequality in neonatal health is important for inequality in key outcomes of the next
generation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102247
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Health Economics
Volume69
Early online date30 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Structured keywords

  • ECON Applied Economics
  • ECON CEPS
  • ECON CEPS Health

Keywords

  • Neonatal health
  • human capital formation
  • intergenerational dependency

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