Increasing evidence implicates activation of NF-kappaB in a variety of glomerular diseases, but the mechanisms involved are unknown. Here, upregulation of NF-kappaB in the podocytes of transgenic mice resulted in glomerulosclerosis and proteinuria. Absence of the podocyte protein nephrin resulted in NF-kappaB activation, suggesting that nephrin negatively regulates the NF-kappaB pathway. Signal transduction assays supported a functional relationship between nephrin and NF-kappaB and suggested the involvement of atypical protein kinase C (aPKCzeta/lambda/iota) as an intermediary. We propose that disruption of the slit diaphragm leads to activation of NF-kappaB; subsequent upregulation of NF-kappaB-driven genes results in glomerular damage mediated by NF-kappaB-dependent pathways. In summary, nephrin may normally limit NF-kappaB activity in the podocyte, suggesting a mechanism by which it might discourage the evolution of glomerular disease.
|Translated title of the contribution||Nephrin deficiency activates NF-kappaB and promotes glomerular injury|
|Pages (from-to)||1733 - 1743|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2009|