Neurological outcomes at 18 months of age after moderate hypothermia for perinatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy : synthesis and meta-analysis of trial data

AD Edwards, P Brocklehurst, AJ Gunn, H Halliday, E Juszczak, M Levene, B Strohm, M Thoresen, A Whitelaw, D Azzopardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

633 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine whether moderate hypothermia after hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy in neonates improves survival and neurological outcome at 18 months of age. Design: A meta-analysis was performed using a fixed effect model. Risk ratios, risk difference, and number needed to treat, plus 95% confidence intervals, were measured. Data sources: Studies were identified from the Cochrane central register of controlled trials, the Oxford database of perinatal trials, PubMed, previous reviews, and abstracts. Review methods: Reports that compared whole body cooling or selective head cooling with normal care in neonates with hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy and that included data on death or disability and on specific neurological outcomes of interest to patients and clinicians were selected. Results: We found three trials, encompassing 767 infants, that included information on death and major neurodevelopmental disability after at least 18 months’ follow-up. We also identified seven other trials with mortality information but no appropriate neurodevelopmental data. Therapeutic hypothermia significantly reduced the combined rate of death and severe disability in the three trials with 18 month outcomes (risk ratio 0.81, 95% confidence interval 0.71 to 0.93, P=0.002; risk difference −0.11, 95% CI −0.18 to −0.04), with a number needed to treat of nine (95% CI 5 to 25). Hypothermia increased survival with normal neurological function (risk ratio 1.53,95%CI 1.22 to 1.93, P
Translated title of the contributionNeurological outcomes at 18 months of age after moderate hypothermia for perinatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy : synthesis and meta-analysis of trial data
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere-pub Feb 2010
Pages (from-to)c363
Number of pages7
JournalBMJ
Volume340
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

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