New estimates of the 1815 Tambora eruption volume

J. Kandlbauer*, R. S J Sparks

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Volume estimates of the 1815 Tambora eruption were re-analysed using new ash thickness data and new methods, giving a range of possible volumes for the different eruption phases. Volume calculations include ash fall extrapolation and caldera size approximations, as well as volume estimates from mass eruption rates and eruption duration, to find the most likely range of volumes consistent with the different methods and possible eruption dynamics. The results give a total volume of about 41±4km<sup>3</sup> DRE, made of 23±3km<sup>3</sup> DRE ash fall and 18±6km<sup>3</sup> DRE pyroclastic flows. The ash fall volume can be further divided into 11±2km<sup>3</sup> DRE Plinian ash fall and 12±4km<sup>3</sup> DRE co-ignimbrite, making the Plinian ash fall larger than previously assumed, and more intense due to a higher mass eruption rate of 2×10<sup>9</sup>kg/s.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-100
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2014


  • Deep sea deposits
  • Eruption volume
  • Tambora
  • Tephra dispersion
  • Tephra fall deposits

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