New gaps on the Lagrange and Markov spectra

Luke Jeffreys, Carlos Matheus, Carlos Gustavo Moreira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

Abstract

Let $L$ and $M$ denote the Lagrange and Markov spectra, respectively. It is known that $L\subset M$ and that $M\setminus L\neq\varnothing$. In this work, we exhibit new gaps of $L$ and $M$ using two methods. First, we derive such gaps by describing a new portion of $M\setminus L$ near to 3.938: this region (together with three other candidates) was found by investigating the pictures of $L$ recently produced by V. Delecroix and the last two authors with the aid of an algorithm explained in one of the appendices to this paper. As a by-product, we also get the largest known elements of $M\setminus L$ and we improve upon a lower bound on the Hausdorff dimension of $M\setminus L$ obtained by the last two authors together with M. Pollicott and P. Vytnova (heuristically, we get a new lower bound of $0.593$ on the dimension of $M\setminus L$). Secondly, we use a renormalisation idea and a thickness criterion (reminiscent from the third author's PhD thesis) to detect infinitely many maximal gaps of $M$ accumulating to Freiman's gap preceding the so-called Hall's ray $[4.52782956616...,\infty)\subset L$.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal de Theorie de Nombres de Bordeaux
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 26 May 2023

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